Monday, February 24, 2020
Visual Culture - Essay Example (Wikipedia) This text will focus on psychoanalytic theories that evidently apply to visual culture. Designed to explain how this particular science that speaks of sexuality, creativity, repression, fetishism, drives and the like could possibly be applied to visual culture, work of two renowned artists would be discussed. Andy Warhol's paintings of Marilyn have attracted much commentary from critics attempting to discern any complexity of thought or feeling in Warhol's treatment of the original image. With the fascination and argument it has evoked it serves as a perfect example that could relate psychoanalytic theories with visual arts. Alexander McQueen, with his continually provocative shows and outrageous designs, has solidified his reputation as the bad boy of fashion. His choice of collections compels potent mix of controversy, creativity, and technical mastery had made him renowned and notable artist. An exploration into his art would greatly substantiate visual cultures relevant to psychoanalysis. Psychoanalytic theory is a general term for approaches to psychoanalysis which attempt to provide a conceptual framework more-or-less independent of clinical practice rather than based on empirical analysis of clinical case. Its development is described as a primarily unconscious - that is, beyond awareness - and is heavily coloured by emotion. The term often attaches to conceptual uses of analysis in critical theory, literary, film, or other art criticism, broader intersubjective phenomena. For example, those broadly conceived as cultural or social in nature, religion, law, or other non-clinical contexts, sometimes signifying its use as a hermeneutic or interpretative framework. In some respects this can resemble phenomenology insofar as it attempts to account for consciousness and unconsciousness in a more or less eidetic fashion, although there are inherent conflicts between phenomenology as a study of consciousness and the frequent psychoanalytic emphasis on the unconscious or n on-coincidence of consciousness with itself(wiki). Some of the theoretical orientation of psychoanalysis results in part from its separation from psychiatry and institutionalisation closer to departments of philosophy and literature. Its diverse influence have dispersed its implications toward racial and colonial identity, distinct Marxist positions that had attempt to use psychoanalysis in the study of ideology, work in literary studies informed by philosophy, psychology, neurology, Freudian and Lacanian theory. Theory can be so expansive a container as to include the work of Gilles Deleuze and Flix Guattari, who believed psychoanalysis ultimately radically reductionist and strongly opposed the psychiatric institutions of their time. Sometimes it heavily informs gender studies and queer theory. Sigmund Freud, Melanie Klein, and Jacques Lacan are often treated as canonical thinkers by Lacanian psychoanalysts despite the considerable objections to their authority. Freud's psychoanalytic theory provided a radically new approach to the analysis and treatment of what had been perceived as abnormal adult behaviour. Behaviours were once ignored and were rather substituted with psychological explanation. The novelty of Freud's approach was in recognizing that neurotic behavior is not random or
Friday, February 7, 2020
Reverse White Flight - Research Paper Example However, an inquiry into the changing demographics proved essential in establishing the real statistics. Methodology In order to identify relevant data for the research on the reversing demographics, indulgence in the review of several primary sources concerning the topic was essential. The primary sources included data from the statistics bureau, scholarly articles and journals that investigate the causes of increasing numbers of minority groups in the suburbs. Interpretation and comparison of such information provides reliable information concerning the changing demographics. Literature Review A close analysis of the statistics from the census bureau produces intriguing implications on the changing ratios of different cities and suburbs. In the past, whites occupied the suburbs while the minority groups lived n the cities. In addition, different authors have tried to explain the causes of the white flight from some neighborhoods to others. However, the reverse flight of whites back to the cities and that of minorities to the suburbs has received little attention. Changes in Neighborhood According to Hyra (2008), the invasion-succession theory described previously by Park and Burgess applies to changes in neighborhoods. An existing population in a location tends to leave when there is a great influx of an incoming population. The theory is in use in giving valid explanations to the changing racial populations. Other studies have tried to identify the point at which the shift begins. In the United States, researchers have established that the tipping point comes when the different races cannot coexis
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
Prices of gasoline Essay With the prices of gasoline fast approaching $3 per gallon, the effect is already causing deep pocket holes in most American homes. A survey carried out by Reuters in Washington discovers that Americans are already planning to reduce their driving. This is causing pains and hardship for most of homes, factories and, manufacturing companies that must use gasoline in larger quality. The reason of this increase in the price of gasoline is linked majorly to the high rising cost of crude oil. There are several costs that go into producing and delivering of gasoline. These include the cost of the crude oil to refiners, refining costs and profits, distribution and marketing costs, and federal and state taxes. The cost of the crude oil hovers close to 50 per cent of the cost of a gallon of gas, taxes comprise about 25 per cent, and the remaining costs average almost 30 per cent. An explosion at a refinery in Big Spring, Texas was cited as one of the reasons for a rapid increase of crude oil prices to a record high over $100 a barrel. Also the unsettled nature of the oil producing regions of the world is one main cause of increase in the prices of gasoline. The Niger Delta problems and political instability in Nigeria, war in Iraq as well the supply problems in Iran. Most importantly, the increase in gasoline has affected the cost of living. A survey carried out by Reuters has indicated that 58% of Americans now go with public transport. We can not also overlook the fast raising price in food. This is as a result of the high cost of production which the companies are paying. The sensitive role played by gasoline in the American economy and the subsequent increase in prices has affected every aspect of an average American and this will continue if the Federal Government does halt stockpiling for the time being. In conclusion, the rising increase in the demand of gasoline by the global market having contribute to this present state, the Government should be working on developing other sources of enery. this will help resolve the continues increase in the price of gasoline in America now and in the future. Thanks Reference: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Food and fuel America. (Thursday, February 21, 2008) Gasoline Price Soar Higher.
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
Character Identification: Ã¢â¬Å"Hiding from a poisoned memoryÃ¢â¬ (Circle) Characters from different sources of literature can often be linked together and seem to have the same feelings, background, moral standing, or struggles. They may experience the same hardships, driving them to suffering, which other characters in literature encounter. In the book Jasmine by Bharati Mukherjee, the main character was told from the age of seven the hardships she would encounter in her lifetime (Mukherjee 3). Pecola, from The Bluest Eye by Toni Morrison, experiences rape by her father and the miscarriage of their child. The main character in Ã¢â¬Å"Barn Burning,Ã¢â¬ by William Faulkner, deals with a father that ruins his life and the struggle to stop his father from burning buildings. These character experience hardships throughout their lives. They live with the rejection their lives have given them and try to survive in the world of injustice by themselves. Each story starts with the characterÃ¢â¬â¢s family and group identity. Jasmine lives in India with her parents at the beginning of her life. She later moves to the United States to escape hardships. Sarty from Ã¢â¬Å"Barn BurningÃ¢â¬ lives with his poor and rejected family moving from place to place. His family has been rejected by society because his father would not stop burning buildings when he got mad at the people he worked for. Pecola lived with her poor family as well. Her mother was gone most of the time and her father would get drunk almost every night before coming home. She was moved out of her house for a little while until her family could pull themselves together and provide a suitable place from her to live in. In each piece of literature, the character starts with family, a place to call home, people who accept them, and a place of the same race and nationality. As the stories progress, each character experiences their own desire for better; they have found something that will better their lives. As they struggle to gain their prize, hardships string into place to hinder their path. Jasmine must overcome the death of her husband to get to America. She must also find her way illegally into the country and settle somewhere suitable. When a man helps her into the country, she is very grateful, but the man rapes her. She kills the man, Ã¢â¬Å"the human form beneath it grew smaller and smallerÃ¢â¬ (Mukherjee 119), and escapes to finish the job she had set out for. Character Identification: Hiding from a poisoned memory (Circle) :: miscellaneous Character Identification: Ã¢â¬Å"Hiding from a poisoned memoryÃ¢â¬ (Circle) Characters from different sources of literature can often be linked together and seem to have the same feelings, background, moral standing, or struggles. They may experience the same hardships, driving them to suffering, which other characters in literature encounter. In the book Jasmine by Bharati Mukherjee, the main character was told from the age of seven the hardships she would encounter in her lifetime (Mukherjee 3). Pecola, from The Bluest Eye by Toni Morrison, experiences rape by her father and the miscarriage of their child. The main character in Ã¢â¬Å"Barn Burning,Ã¢â¬ by William Faulkner, deals with a father that ruins his life and the struggle to stop his father from burning buildings. These character experience hardships throughout their lives. They live with the rejection their lives have given them and try to survive in the world of injustice by themselves. Each story starts with the characterÃ¢â¬â¢s family and group identity. Jasmine lives in India with her parents at the beginning of her life. She later moves to the United States to escape hardships. Sarty from Ã¢â¬Å"Barn BurningÃ¢â¬ lives with his poor and rejected family moving from place to place. His family has been rejected by society because his father would not stop burning buildings when he got mad at the people he worked for. Pecola lived with her poor family as well. Her mother was gone most of the time and her father would get drunk almost every night before coming home. She was moved out of her house for a little while until her family could pull themselves together and provide a suitable place from her to live in. In each piece of literature, the character starts with family, a place to call home, people who accept them, and a place of the same race and nationality. As the stories progress, each character experiences their own desire for better; they have found something that will better their lives. As they struggle to gain their prize, hardships string into place to hinder their path. Jasmine must overcome the death of her husband to get to America. She must also find her way illegally into the country and settle somewhere suitable. When a man helps her into the country, she is very grateful, but the man rapes her. She kills the man, Ã¢â¬Å"the human form beneath it grew smaller and smallerÃ¢â¬ (Mukherjee 119), and escapes to finish the job she had set out for.
Monday, January 13, 2020
Monologue The witches were telling the truth. I was shocked when they said I was the thane of Cawdor I thought it was just lies. But now Angus and Ross told me officially that I am the thane of Cawdor. Wow this is a huge honor, a new title the thane of Glamis and Cowder. But what did he do? ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s right he is a traitor. But why have I taken his position? What have I done to disserve this title? Indeed I fought in the battle but so did countless others.What sets me apart from those courageous souls fighting alongside me? Witches actually exist? Magic is around us? If they are truly all powerful, perhaps they deserve this title more than I do. But they are ugly I have to say honestly. Is it weird that they knew who I am? ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s right they are witches after all. One of them did say something which I think I heard wrong, she said al Ã¢â¬Å"all hail Macbeth-that shalt be king hereafterÃ¢â¬ but what will the king do wrong, he is the king after all, a noble king.IÃ¢â¬â¢m sure they are mistaken; he is a wonderful ruler and a great role model. Aha! They must not be witches, I am not of royal descent, so I am not able to claim the Kings thrown. HereÃ¢â¬â¢s my guess, they were lucky, or perhaps they are not supernatural but supernaturally smart. So foul and fair a day I have not seen. I refuse to believe what they say because they are just imperfect speakers. By sinels death I know I am thane of Glamous and know thane of Cowdor
Sunday, January 5, 2020
Women who choose to engage in terrorism have been the subjects of a growing body of literature. The approach and focus of which has been varied, including contributions from a range of academic fields. Gender is significant to understanding female violence because it is atypical to the traditional conceptualisation of violence and war. There is an obvious juncture in the feminist understanding of this topic as identified by Jacques and Taylor (2009). For them, there are two distinct ways that female terrorists and the intrinsic link to gender have been understood (Jacques and Taylor, 2009: 505). On one hand, there are those that view a womenÃ¢â¬â¢s role in terrorism as strategic. It is seen as an effective tactic as it exploits the target statesÃ¢â¬â¢ gender stereotypes (Laster and Erez, 2015, Bloom, 2005). Nacos (2005) views the narratives attributed to female terrorists as a tactical choice used to exploit the target stateÃ¢â¬â¢s inherent gender biases to further terrorist agendas (2005: 448). The main purpose of this work is to encourage policy makers to take these depictions into account when creating counter terrorism measures and to be aware of the use of females as a tactic. This is similar to the work of OÃ¢â¬â¢Rourke (2009) who endeavours to show the strategic benefits of female suicide terrorism. Through the comparison of terrorist groups that both have and donÃ¢â¬â¢t have women among their ranks, she highlights the strategic advantages of employing women (OÃ¢â¬â¢Rourke, 2009: 684). FromShow MoreRelatedAs Shown By The British Security Service Mi5 And The French858 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBritish security service MI5 and the French governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s estimations of the current threat level of international terrorism, respectively defined as SEVERE in the United Kingdom (Security Service MI5, 2016) and HIGH in France (French Government, n.d.), terrorism is considered to be among the most significant security threat nowadays. Understandi ng what encourages the development of terrorism and being able to develop effective counterterrorism strategies is therefore a central goal to many governmentsRead MoreThe four waves of modern terrorism1563 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesModern terrorism, as deduced from this literature, is acts to violence strategically used by secular groups spanning international borders with the aim of achieving a desired outcome. Further, it can be seen as organized activity whose genesis can be traced back to the 1880Ã¢â¬â¢s. From then to now there are identifiable traits and patterns observed from different (terrorist) groups which have allowed for the conceptualization of the term modern terrorism. This concept therefore, can be best explainedRead MoreIndian Foreign Policies : India s Free Global Market And Predictability Of More Economic Development799 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesnations to get benefitted in its annual meeting. When these highly industrialized nations are discussing multifaceted pro blems like Terrorism, Environment, women empowerment, economic development, global economic balance etc. Indian foreign policies reflect its agenda for equal distance with multipolar world representing worlds superpowers. Which has indebted India s free global market and predictability of more economic development nowadays. A G7 Nations meeting so far by and large revolves aroundRead MoreRoles of Special Interest Groups Essay examples1472 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ Roles of Special Interest Groups AJS/552 October 13, 2014 Roger Long Roles of Special Interest Groups Today women have more rights than they have ever had, but it came at a price. Over 40 years ago a case brought before the U.S. Supreme Court laid the foundation for women who wanted to have a choice, this choice was abortion. The famous case Roe v. Wade paved the path for women all over the United States to make their choice in the matter of pregnancy. However, there have beenRead MoreMarriage Practices And Beliefs Have Changed Tremendously1738 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesabout marriage practices all over the world along with some of the unimaginable things such as suicide terrorism. Today, tradition is something of the old. It is always evolving with the times and changes in the world. Marriage practices have changed tremendously. When it comes to marriage, all cultures respect and honors its own marriage practice. In today s society, we tend to self-judge another s culture marriage practices because it is not the traditional marriage that we were brought believingRead MoreTerrorism Is A Modern Political And Economic Topic On America1376 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTerrorism has become a modern political and economic topic in America. It is the existence of Terrorists attacks in America that has changed the way people travels both domestic and foreign and also now viewed as an issue and conflicts that exist within the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s borders and domestically (Shemella, 373 ). The United States has since be a country with ideal ability to protect the many citizens from attacks and live in peace, but the infiltration of terrorist has kept a change in Americans heartRea d MoreArmenian Secret Army For The Liberation Of Armenia1365 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages The second case will be represented by nationalist terrorism. In this case study I will Identify and describe the groups involved. The terrorist group for this case study will be Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia (ASALA). Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia was a Marxist-Leninist Armenian terrorist group was founded in 1975 with the intention of compelling the Turkish Government to acknowledge publicly its alleged responsibility for killing over 1.5 million innocentRead MoreEssay on Black Women and the Crooked Room1226 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesuses the analogy of the Ã¢â¬Å"crooked roomÃ¢â¬ to explain how Black women transform themselves into the societal roles of a Eurocentric society. The crooked room analogy is societyÃ¢â¬â¢s portrayal of Black women, based on stereotypes justified by slavery. The challenge Black women face is standing upright in the crooked r ooms of society. For example, the unsung civil rights leader Ella Baker, unintimidated by the men who devalued the advice of women in the civil rights movement. She helped organize SouthernRead MoreWestern Media And Its Coverage Of Terrorism1155 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageson the false conviction that the world is flat, like a map, s/he will believe it until proven otherwise. When s/he is presented with a three dimensional sphere, s/he will deny that the object is an accurate portrayal of the world, because all s/he knows is that the world is flat. But if another child grows up on the true conviction that the world can be viewed flat as well as three-dimensional, then being presented with the a globe, s/he will accept that both are legitimate ways to view Earth. Read MoreThe Threat Of Terrorist Attacks988 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthat their malicious act will cause sufficient social anxiety that society will pressure the government to concede to the group s demands. Suicide terrorist attack s, the execution of which requires the terrorists to sacrifice his or her life, have grown in number since the late 1990s (Santifort-Jordan Sandler 2014, 981). According to Robert Pape (2003), suicide terrorism is rising around the world, but the most common explanations do not help us understand why. Terrorist organizations are increasingly
Friday, December 27, 2019
As sense perception is a vital way of knowing, to question its reliability is to question existing knowledge itself. It embodies our sense, touch and taste, to name a few and within the realm of the human sciences is significant. It is what provides evidence and allows for justification, through the form of qualitative data. However, when this evidence has the chance of being faltered, perhaps all qualitative data is then altered. This is what allows us to question, to what extent is sense perception a reliable form of acquiring knowledge? Sense perception specifically is the process by which we can gain knowledge about the outside world. The general view is that sense perception provides the basis for all our knowledge. It is theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦It allows for a knower to empathize and feel the emotions someone else could be feeling. It helps us understand the world on a deeper emotional level. Here we see that knowers tend to look to them first, and perhaps in some cir cumstances forget reason, the WOK that can allow knowers to go beyond the immediate experience of our senses. This tends to happen when we are thinking purely out of an emotive and responsive viewpoint, and donÃ¢â¬â¢t think more than we need to at the context around us. Rather, knowers look at what is on the surface predominately and without reason, donÃ¢â¬â¢t gain a deeper understanding. However, personal knowledge alone can allow for deeper understanding, but itÃ¢â¬â¢s rather that reason is often synonymous with shared knowledge. Specifically when others can contribute, when linked with logic, to draw conclusions that cannot be strictly deduced from their premises. However, as discussed, reason is often what allows for justification to prevail as it gathers information that is shared, as reason is often synonymous with a consensus throughout society, rather than personal knowledge which tends to involve emotion and often sense perception. What each individual experiences is different to the next person. For this to be true, sense perception would encompass personal knowledge and would be hard to share and adapt it to shared knowledge. As a result sense perception only allows for personal knowledge production and not shared knowledge production.Show MoreRelatedAristotle s On The Soul975 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesall living things, and as to why they are considered living. The question surrounding the work is what makes the soul? To answer this Aristotle concludes that the soul is natural and entelecheia or being-at-work-staying-itself. 3. Structure a. Overview of the soul i. Defining the soul is the most difficult to define. (402a) 1. There is a variety of methods are used to define the soul. a. Thinking causes us to bring up questions about what we know about the soul and prevents us from creating logicalRead MoreSenses : A Human s Natural Senses1252 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesnatural senses can be trusted in cases where any life is in danger. The five senses, sight, hearing, touch, smell and taste, are manÃ¢â¬â¢s primary way of interacting with the world. They provide us with information about what is around us in the world and different qualities of the information. We were able to make use of our senses before we even learned a language. Senses are vital to human survival, however, we do need to also involve other ways of knowing in order to gain knowledge. Senses are theRead MoreCognitive Psychology : Psychology And Psychology Essay1165 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesremembering, knowing and problem solving. Cognitive psychology began emerging in the 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s. As highlighted by Kraiger and Salas (1993), this was partially as a response to behaviorism. Critics noted that behaviorism failed to explain how some internal development processes impacted behavior. Cognitive psychology focuses on how individuals acquire process and in the long run store information. Currently, cognitive psychology concentrates on few key human characteristics which include: Perception The foremostRead MoreUnderstanding Cultural Stereotypes Essay996 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagessociety, but also as a way to understand it as humans today are known to identify well with patterns. This question will be explored using the following areas of knowledge; human sciences and history. As well as using the above areas of knowledge to explore this question, ways of knowing, in particular, emotion, perception, language and reason, will be used in conjunction. Taking the story of Gandhi as a prime example, it is important on two levels; most importantly however, the way in which it exposesRead MoreChanneling Communication Between the World and Us Through Sense Perception874 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesdefinition, sense perception is whereby the idea of sense is referred to the external stimulus in which we perceive our knowledge through while perception is defined to be the awareness towards something through our senses. Long before we learned how to use language, reasoning, faith, or e motions, we have already been making use of our external stimulusesÃ¢â¬â¢ to make sense or even be conscious of the world. This makes sense perception our primary source of obtaining knowledge since it is the only way forRead MoreSensory Perception815 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSensory Perception PHI 210 Strayer University Sensory Perception PHI 210 The sensory system is a part of the nervous system. It is responsible for processing our sensory information, and it is the way in which we make contact in our everyday lives through our five senses Ã¢â¬â sight, touch, hearing, smell and taste. (IML Training, 2012) Our sensory receptors allow us to pick up information Ã¢â¬â ears, eyes, nostrils, tongue and skin. All senses evolve to collect their distinct type of informationRead MoreIs Imagination an Essential Part of Intuition?808 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages Imagination is a way of knowing which is defined as the faculty or action of forming new ideas, or images or concepts of external objects not present to the senses. It could be seen as a vital part of intuition however others may say that they have no correlation to one another. Intuition is the ability to understand something instinctively, without the need for conscious reasoning Ã¢â¬â similar to imagination - it is a way of knowing. Throughout this essay I will be e valuating, comparing and contrastingRead MoreTo Accept or Not Accept SocratesÃ¢â¬â¢ Theory of Recollection as Sufficient Answer to MenoÃ¢â¬â¢s Paradox1010 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagessoul is immortal and all knowing is necessary for his Theory of Recollection to be true, thus it is vital that Socrates be able prove the immortality of the soul. The issue of circularity arises when Socrates attempts to prove the immortality through the use of the slave boy. According to Socrates, if the slave boy can recall knowledge about geometry, a subject which he appears to know nothing about, then he has successfully proven the existence of an immortal and all knowing soul. Socrates seems toRead MoreNarratives, It Is How You Interpret Them1091 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageswrong angle and not seen at all,Ã¢â¬ was stated in the 2008 movie Ã¢â¬Å"It might get loud.Ã¢â¬ This quote is true to life today. We often look at things one way, and one way only. We repeatedly have to be reminded to take a step back and look at a situation from someone elseÃ¢â¬â¢s shoes. When we look at certain situations through another angle, often times our perception and emotions toward the situation change. While reading several short narratives this semester, I recognized the same thing. The characters wereRead MoreWhat is Truth? Essay1497 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageswilling to assert as true (Hammerton, Matthew). A thing to me can be true while for the other person it may not be true. So it depends from person to person and here the role of perception comes into play. As truth is a vital part of our knowledge, the distinctions between what is true and what is false, shape and form the way we think and should therefore be considered of utmost importance. We often face this situation in real life through our learning curves and our pursuit of knowledge to distinguish